Trouble Sleeping? Here are 10 tips for a good night sleep

Many of us have trouble sleeping at night, we keep staring at the wall or look at our bed partner sleeping like a baby. In current scenario, this phenomenon has increased as we are more and more working from the safety of our homes. Sleep deprivation has many consequences as loss of sleep impacts both body and mind. Sleep deprivation leads to irritability, fatigue, lack of innovation and consequent loss of productivity. There is also increased stress in the cardiovascular system leading to irregular heartbeats, hypertension; disorders of metabolism manifesting as obesity, uncontrolled diabetes to name a few.

So what can we do to get a good night sleep? Here are 10 tips which can help us sleep better.

  1. Maintain a regular bedtime and awakening time. (+/- 20 mins)
    Our circadian rhythm or biological clock has been a part of our evolutionary process, and sleep is a part of the process. When we in tune our body to sleeping at a particular time we are able to get into sleep mode quickly. In other words, our sleep latency time decreases.

Trouble Sleeping? Here are 10 tips for a good night sleep

  1. During the day, get natural light, avoid napping

    Melatonin production by the pineal gland does not happen when we are exposed to bright light. Sunlight exposure during daytime, helps maintain our circadian rhythm and we don’t feel sleepiness during daytime as sunlight inhibits melatonin production. In the evening hours, as lights dim, our melatonin production starts and we tend to feel sleepy. Also, when we don’t take a nap during afternoon hours, adenosine levels in our body increases and reach maximum in the late evening hours nudging us to sleep.


    Trouble Sleeping? Here are 10 tips for a good night sleepImage soure - Freepik

  2. Make sure your bed is only associated with sleep - not watching TV or reading

    No activity like having snacks, reading, gossiping etc should be done in bed. This is a part of behavioral conditioning of our brain, we are basically training our brain, that bed is only meant for sleeping.


    Trouble Sleeping? Here are 10 tips for a good night sleep
    Image soure - Freepik
  3. Keep your bedroom dark and quiet and at a comfortable temperature
    Although our bedroom should be adequate lit but as we plan to go to sleep we should dim the lights, make the environment quieter and select an optimal temperature. Temperature range around 24C is a good temperature for us to be comfortable.

    Trouble Sleeping? Here are 10 tips for a good night sleep
    Image soure - Freepik
  4. Have a comfortable pre-bedtime routine

    A warm bath, meditation, or quiet time Very often a luke warm bath, meditation for some time or just practicing mindfulness can help calm our mind. Calming our mind is important before sleep as we don’t want thoughts intruding our mind and making us restless.


    Trouble Sleeping? Here are 10 tips for a good night sleepImage soure - Freepik

  5. Restriction of large meal or lot of water before bedtime
    Large meal and intake of lot of water just before sleep, usually disturbs sleep as there might be a mid-night urge to use the washroom. Dinner should be on the lighter side with less carbohydrates and with optimal water intake.

    healthy-mexican-corn-tacos-with-boiled-chicken
    Image soure - Freepik
  6. Avoid alcohol or caffeinated drinks before bed
    Although we feel that alcohol can help us sleep, in reality, alcohol only decreases sleep latency but disturbs our sleep architecture. Slow Wave Sleep and REM is decreased on alcohol consumption and often manifests as irritability, confusion on waking up. Any caffeinated drink takes almost 6 hours to excrete out of the body. So, having coffee or tea or any energy drinks late in evening will make going to sleep difficult.

    Trouble Sleeping? Here are 10 tips for a good night sleep
    Image soure - Freepik
  7. Daytime exercise and yoga
    Mild to moderate exercise or yoga has to be done during daytime or at least 4-5 hours before sleep. Exercise and yoga during day time balances the circadian cycle and makes our sleep better.

    Trouble Sleeping? Here are 10 tips for a good night sleep
    Image soure - Freepik
  8. Avoid blue light and turn off your gadgets an hour before sleep

    Mobile phones emit blue light which can decrease melatonin production from the pineal gland. It is best to not to interact with mobile phones before going to bed. Also, it is an imperative that we switch off LED light long before we are planning to sleep.


    Trouble Sleeping? Here are 10 tips for a good night sleep
    Image soure - Freepik
  9. Write away your worries

    Trouble Sleeping? Here are 10 tips for a good night sleepOften, lot of thoughts clutter our brain while we are planning to sleep. It is a good practice to plan your next day and write a to-do-list to do away with ‘worrying for the next day’. This will help you improve your sleep latency.

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